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The history of the first English alphabet, runes, old English manuscripts

курсовые работы, английский язык

Объем работы: 24 стр.

Год сдачи: 2008

Стоимость: 1000 руб.

Просмотров: 984

 

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Оглавление
Введение
Заключение
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Contents


1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………...3
2. History of the English Language………………………………………………...6
2.1. Runic alphabet…………………………………………………………………6
2.1.1. The history of runic alphabet………………………………………………...6
2.1.2. Mythological…………………………………………………………………8
2.1.3 Historical……………………………………………………………………10
2.2. Old English…………………………………………………………………...12
2.2.1. Old English Manuscripts…………………………………………………...14
2.3. Middle English……………………………………………………………….20
2.4. Mode
English………………………………………………………………22
2.4.1 Early mode
English……………………………………………………….22
2.4.2. Late mode
English………………………………………………………..23
Appendix A brief chronology of English…………………………………………23
Conclusion………………………………………………………………………...24
Literature………………………………………………………………………….24
1. Introduction

English language conce
s to the West-German group индоевропейских languages. In English speak and use in the state office-work, the literature and a science nearby 200 million чел. - in the Great Britain and Ireland (alongside with Irish), in the USA, Canada (alongside with French), Australia, New Zealand, partially in Southe
Africa and India.

One of five official and the working languages accepted by the United Nations. English language conducts the beginning from language old german (Anglos, Saxophones and Juts), moved in 5-6 centuries from continent to Britain.

Complex interaction old german the breeding adverbs brought to Britain, occupied celtic tribes (Britts and Galls), and developed conditions of formation of an English nationality, has led to formation of territorial dialects on an old breeding basis. During the old english period (7-11 centuries) Language is presented by four dialects: Northumbrian, Mercian, Wessex and Kent. Owing to economic and political influence of kingdom Wessex in 9-10 centuries in a cultural life of England the greatest value has got Wessex a dialect.

After penetration into England into 6 century of christianity the latin alphabet has replaced old german runes, and influence of latin language was reflected in English lexicon. From language subdued by anglo-saxons celtic the population of Britain were kept mainly place names. Attacks of Scandinavians (the end 8 century), The England which have ended by submission in 1016 Danish king, have caused creation of the Scandinavian settlements in the country. Interaction of closely related languages - English and Scandinavian - has affected available in mode
English language of a significant amount of words of the Scandinavian origin, and also some phonetic features describing dialects of northe
England.

Mixture with the Scandinavian languages promoted strengthening and of some the grammatic tendencies which are available in English language. The gain of...
3. Conclusion
In the given work the history of English language in diachronical aspect in brief has been considered. The periods with 5 for 20 century have been considered. Also some literary and historical monuments which most brightly reflect a context of language of the described period have been presented. It is necessary to understand, that in work of such level it is impossible to consider is more volumetric a task in view. From this follows, that the material is given with reductions.

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