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Финансовые ресурсы и их состав

рефераты, иностранные языки

Объем работы: 20 стр.

Год сдачи: 2009

Стоимость: 300 руб.

Просмотров: 445

 

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Content



Introduction…………………………………………………………………….3
Chapter I. Financial resources and their structure……………………………...5
1.1. Financial resources………………………………………………………...5
1.2. The financial capital……………………………………………………….5
1.3. Capital structure…………………………………………………………..10
1.4. Corporate finance…………………………………………………………12
1.5. Financial Resources and Operations Procedures in Jamaica……………..14
1.6. The Financial resources management…………………………………….17
Conclusion……………………………………………………………………..22
Bibliography…………………………………………………………………...24


Finance is the science of funds management. The general areas of finance are business finance, personal finance, and public finance. Finance includes saving money and often includes lending money. The field of finance deals with the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interrelated. It also deals with how money is spent and budgeted.
Finance works most basically through individuals and business organizations depositing money in a bank. The bank then lends the money out to other individuals or corporations for consumption or investment, and charges interest on the loans.
Loans have become increasingly packaged for resale, meaning that an investor buys the loan (debt) from a bank or directly from a corporation. Bonds are debt sold directly to investors from corporations, while that investor can then hold the debt and collect the interest or sell the debt on a secondary market. Banks are the main facilitators of funding through the provision of credit, although private equity, mutual funds, hedge funds, and other organizations have become important as they invest in various forms of debt. Financial assets, known as investments, are financially managed with careful attention to financial risk management to control financial risk. Financial instruments allow many forms of securitized assets to be traded on securities exchanges such as stock exchanges, including debt such as bonds as well as equity in publicly-traded corporations.
The aim of the given work consists in a theoretical substantiation of a question on features of financial resources and their structure.
Object of work has demanded the decision of the following specific tasks:
- To consider Financial resources;
- To study the financial capital;
- To consider the Capital structure;
- To study Corporate finance;
- To research Financial Resources and Operations Procedures in Jamaica;
- To consider the Financial resources management.
Object of research in the given work is...


On the basis of above-stated we came to a conclusion, that finance is the science of funds management. The general areas of finance are business finance, personal finance, and public finance. Finance includes saving money and often includes lending money. The field of finance deals with the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interrelated. It also deals with how money is spent and budgeted.
Capital or capital goods or real capital are factors of production used to create goods or services that are not themselves significantly consumed (though they may depreciate) in the production process.
Financial capital which represents obligations, and is liquidated as money for trade, and owned by legal entities. Financial capital refers to the funds provided by lenders (and investors) to businesses to purchase real capital equipment for producing goods/services.
Capital structure describes how a corporation has organized its capital—how it obtains the financial resources with which it operates its business. As shown on its balance sheet, a company's capitalization is constructed from three basic blocks: long-term debt, preferred stock, common stockholders' equity.
Corporate finance pertains to the acquisition and allocation of a company's resources to maximize shareholder wealth.
The budget process constitutes an important tool for gove
ments to mobilise adequate resources for health, translate policies into pro-poor investments and provide equitable and efficient quality health services. It also sets the targets for which gove
ments can be held accountable. In many countries institutions are weak, budget processes opaque and undemocratic and public participation opportunities limited.
Also we came to a conclusion, that the gove
ment capacity as auditor and supervisor in weak institutional environments is very limited. Traditional audit and oversight mechanisms may be an insufficient one-sided approach to reduce abuse and corruption in the health...

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