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What is social capital and why is it relevant, if at all, for development?

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Год сдачи: 2011

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There is no universally accepted definition of social capital. In the broadest sense, the term encompasses those social relationships that help people to get along with each other and act more effectively than they could as isolated individuals. In this view, patte
s of social organization, especially trust, mutuality, and reciprocity, are seen as important resources, which can result in benefits to individuals, groups, and society. It is in the lastmentioned category, the public-good nature of social capital, that the term has recently engendered a lively discourse in inte
ational development circles. In a narrower, but commonly accepted sense, mutually beneficial cooperative behavior is the essence of the social capital concept. "Social capital is the cumulative capacity of social groups to cooperate and work together for the common good." (Montgomery 1998).
1. A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 1997. Ostrom, Elinor. The American Political Science Review 92(1): 1–22. 1998Evans, P., 1996, Gove
ment Action, Social Capital and Development: Reviewing the Evidence on Synergy, World Development, Vol. 24, No. 6. Fukuyama 1995
2. Bourdieu, P., 1985, The Forms of Capital, In J. G. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education, pp. 241-258, Greenwood, New York. Ostrom (1990a, 1990b)
3. Coleman, J., 1988, Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital, American Jou
al of Sociology, 94 (Supplement).
4. Hjerppe, R., 2000, Social Capital and Economic Growth, Proceedings of the Meeting on the Social Dimensions in Sustainable Development, Vol. 2, pp. 87-105.
5. Narayan and Pritchett, 1997. Cents and Sociability – Household Income and Social Capital in Rural Tanzania.// Amer . Sociol . Review . 1997 № 9 Grootaert, C., 1998, Social Capital: the Missing Link? The World Bank, Social Capital Initiative Working Paper No. 3, April 1998. Meier 2002
6. Uphoff, J. H. 1997. Using egg presence-absence to derive probability based management criteria for upper Chesapeake Bay striped bass. North American Jou
al of Fisheries Management 17:663-676. Woolcock, M., Narayan, D., 1999, Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy, A paper submitted to the World Bank Research Observer. Brown 1998

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