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Verbal antonymy in modern English: semantics and its ways of expressions

курсовые работы, английский язык

Объем работы: 30

Год сдачи: 2014

Стоимость: 500 руб.

Просмотров: 276

 

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INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………… 3
CHAPTER 1. LEXICO-SEMANTIC FEATURES OF ANTONYMS IN MODERN ENGLISH
1.1. Semantic and morphologic classification of antonyms……..……. 6
1.2. Semantic features and classification of phraseological antonyms....11
1.3. Semantic features of verbal antonyms……………………………..13
CHAPTER 2.TEXTUAL PRESENTATION OF VERBAL ANTONYMS IN MODERN ENGLISH
2.1. Using verbal antonyms in speech………………………………….. 16
2.2. Using verbal antonyms pair in proverbs and sayings……………….17
2.3. Differences of meaning of verbal antonyms…………………………. 19
2.4. Phraseological antonyms with “have”………………………………20
CONCLUSION ………………………………………………………………….23
RESUME……………………………………………………………………….. 25
BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………….27
EDDITIONS………………………………………………………………………30
The subject-matter of the Course Paper is to investigate semantic features of verbal antonyms in mode
English.
In our country interest to lea
ing of the English language is increasing from this reason we decided to choose this theme for our course paper.
The topicality of the problem under investigation results from the necessity to update basic assumption provided by different linguists in order to be able to establish the classification of antonyms depending on their semantic classifications in Mode
English.
The English language has a rich vocabulary that we use for describing our feelings, objects and phenomena of the world around us lay out their demands and try to prove something. We use antonyms for it that is lexical means of expressing the category of "opposites" in the language.
Distributing antonyms among parts of speech we can divided them into: adjectives antonyms, nouns antonyms, adverbial antonyms, proper antonyms and verbal antonyms. In our course paper we pay attention to verbal antonyms most of all.
The necessity of the detailed analysis and systematization is conditioned by the practical and theoretical reasons. Though there is a great amount of the works, that are dedicated to the analysis and systematization of the antonyms and their constructions, the meanings of these forms remain very often obscure, that complicated the division of this forms and constructions from the resembling ones. As a rule, there are only the works with the analysis of some antonyms functions, but there isn’t one way to systematize and analyze these antonyms forms and theirs constructions.
Most antonyms are adjectives, which seems to be natural, because qualitative characteristics are easily compared and contrasted. For example: “high”- “low”, “strong” – “weak”, “wide” – “narrow”, “friendly” – “hostile”. Verbs take the second place, so far as antonym is conce
ed. For example: “to lose” – “to find”, “to live”...
It is not an exaggeration when we say that the items about antonyms are one of the main and important items of theoretical study and practical mastering of the English language. Especially, it is really important to study such interesting kind of antonyms as verbal antonyms. We can see that verbal antonyms not such using as adjectives, for example. That is why researching in this sphere should be doing more.
Verbal antonyms take a considerable place in Mode
English language and are generally used in it.
In our course paper we have shown the place of term “Antonym”, it’s features and relations, précised the meaning of the terms “verbal antonyms”; described and analyzed semantic relationship of verbal antonyms, found out, studied and analyzed phraseological verbal antonyms.
We have indicated that, traditionally, antonyms are defined as words that have opposite meaning. Although, we have said that this definition is open to criticism.
We’ ve know that phraseological unit – it is a complex of word-equivalent in which the globality of nomination reigns supreme over the formal reparability of elements. And antonyms presented in phraseological system.
In most cases the grammatical features of a word reveals itself in a context.
There are three essential types of lexical meaning of words, but we have focused on phraseological bound meaning of words depending on the peculiarities of their usage in a given language.
In the structure of lexical meaning of a word we have distinguished two main components: denotative and connotative.
We’ ve based on the definition antonyms as two or more words belonging to the same pat of speech, contradictory or contrary in meaning, and interchangeable at least at some contexts. However, polysemantic word may have an antonym or several antonyms for each of its meanings.
According to their morphological structure antonyms may be classified into:
root antonyms (having different...

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